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For the English version I would not need the VO edited. 2011-10-27 09:45:45 GMT 2011-11-30 09:00:00 (GMT -05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada) Yes (click here to learn more about ) Closed 0 0 8 direct invitation(s) have been sent by the voice seeker resulting in 0 audition(s) and/or proposal(s) so far. Voice123 SmartCast is seeking 50 auditions and/or proposals for this project (approx.) Invitations sent by SmartCast have resulted in 0 audition(s) and/or proposal(s) so far.
• Deliver edited and finished voice tracks
Early honey collecting techniques entailed the destruction of the whole colony when harvesting the honey. The wild hive was broken into using smoke from a torch to calm the bees. The honeycombs were torn out and smashed up together with the eggs and larvae they contained. The liquid honey from the honeycombs and the destroyed brood nest was strained through a basket or sieve. This killed the colony. This did not matter to hunter-gatherer societies since the honey was usually consumed immediately and there were always more wild colonies to rob.
In settled societies the death of the colony meant the loss of valuable resources. Destruction of the bee colony made beekeeping inefficient and something of a "stop and go" activity. There was no continuity of production and no chance of selective breeding.
In 1768 Thomas Wildman described in his book A Treatise on The Management of Bees, advances over the destructive old skep-based beekeeping methods. With his new methods bees would no longer be killed to harvest the honey. The new hive was made by placing a parallel array of seven wood bars across the top of a 10-inch-diameter hive or skep for the bees to draw comb with a separate straw cover. Thomas Wildman additionally described using this kind of hive in a multistory configuration foreshadowing the use of honey supers. He described adding successive straw hives or supers and eventually removing them once they were filled with honey. The same colony can now produce honey the following season. Wildman also described additional development hives with "sliding frames" for the bees to draw their comb, foreshadowing the modern uses of movable comb hives.
In the nineteenth century there was a revolution in beekeeping brought about by the perfection of the movable comb hive. Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth was the primary person to create practical use of the discovery of “bee space” a specific gap between the combs. Langstroth observed that the bees would not block this space with wax or propolis but instead was kept clear as a passage way. He found that the bees would build parallel honeycombs within the hive without attaching them to the hive walls or each other. After determining "bee space " to measure between 1/4 to 3/8 inches, Langstroth then designed a series of wood frames to fit inside a rectangular hive body. By rigorously maintaining the proper space between successive frames, it meant that combs containing honey can be gently removed. This allows the beekeeper to remove frames from the hive for inspection, without killing bees or brood and the honey can be extracted without damaging the comb. The emptied honey combs can then be placed back on the hive intact for refilling. Langstroth's classic book The Hive and Honey-bee first published in 1853, described his rediscovery of "bee space” and the development of his patent movable comb hive.
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